West Bank, ALRAY - Politic and convention policy did not put an end to Israel settlement policy, but it enhance the Israeli expropriate of Palestinian lands, Secretary General of the Christian Islamic Organization for Supporting of Jerusalem and Holy Sites, Hanna Issa said.
Issa said in a statement Wednesday that settlement is a war crime under the article VIII, paragraph 8, of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Occupied Palestinian lands are subjected to the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, which prohibits and criminalizes all acts of seizing Palestinian land, forced eviction, settlement, and changing the demographic composition of the country.
He explained that Palestinian authority over control 18% of Palestinian occupied lands A area , under the signed conventions, while B areas that constitute 21% of occupied lands in 1976, in which the Authority has civilian powers only under joint Israeli-Palestinian security control.
He pointed that the largest part of Palestinian lands are categorized as c areas in addition to east Jerusalem which are under Israeli civil and security power. Thus Palestinian authority has not any authority on these areas, but limited powers related to the Palestinian population in some of those areas
He pointed out that West Bank, east Jerusalem and Gaza Strip are still under Israeli occupation according to the international law, despite of Israeli unilateral withdrawal in 2005.
He added that settlement expanding policy is illegal under the international humanitarian law. Article 46 of the Hague Convention of 1907, states that the Occupying Power may not confiscate private property. Article 55 provides that the occupying power shall be deemed to be the administrator of the territory of the occupied country, private property.
He explained that in the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, article 49 states that "the Occupying Power shall not have the right to transfer its citizens to the territories it occupies or to carry out any action leading to its demographic change."
Article 53 also states that "the occupation forces shall not have the right to destroy individual or collective personal property or the property of individuals or of the state or of any authority of the occupied state".
The UN Security Council and UN General Assembly resolutions condemned Israeli policies in all its forms in the occupied Palestinian territories, whether the seizure of Palestinian land for various military purposes, the construction of Israeli settlements, the creation of bypass roads, and others.
After the war of June 1967, Israel seized the state-owned princely lands mainly for military and military purposes, and sought to build large and scattered settlements in the West Bank, including Jerusalem, to Judaize, absorb immigrants, acquire and requisition the necessary land to form a vital perimeter for army camps and settlements.
Issa said that the basic legal obligation of "Israel" as an occupying power of the occupied Palestinian territories is to committed by the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 until the final demise of the occupation from all parts of the West Bank, including Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip.