The Islamic resistance group Hamas that was ruling Gaza vowed revenge on Israel for the death of seven of its members killed in an airstrike early Monday morning in the deadliest exchange of fire since the latest round of attacks began weeks ago.
Hamas' said "the enemy will pay a tremendous price," referring to Israel.
The group said its men were killed by an Israeli airstrike on a tunnel used by the militants.
Two militants from a different group were also killed in a separate strike. The men were involved in rocket attacks on southern Israeli settlements, the Israeli military said.
Israel said it carried out airstrikes on at least "14 sites" including "concealed rocket launchers" in Gaza overnight in retaliation to a recent spike in attacks from Gaza.
About a dozen rockets were fired at Israel from Gaza overnight the military said. One injured a soldier.
Gaza militants fired 25 rockets at Israel on Sunday the military said.
Lt. Col. Peter Lerner, a military spokesman, said the rocket attacks are "unbearable and unacceptable."
"We will continue to act in order to debilitate and incapacitate the Hamas terror infrastructure striking its warehouses, rocket manufacturing capabilities and those that endanger the well-being of the Israelis in the south of the country," he said.
Gaza militants have been bombarding Israel with daily rocket fire for weeks, drawing Israeli airstrikes in retaliation. The nine militants killed overnight Monday made it the deadliest day of fighting so far.
An Israeli army patrol was attacked Monday morning along the Gaza border fence, the military said. No one was injured in the attack it said, which it said may have included a rocket propelled grenade.
Tensions have soared in Israel and Palestinian territories since three Israeli teens - one of them a U.S. citizen - disappeared while hitchhiking in the occupied West Bank last month.
Last week, the teens' bodies were found in a West Bank field in a gruesome crime Israel blamed on Hamas which was controlling the Gaza Strip a month ago. Hamas, which has captured Israeli soldiers before, praised the kidnappings and deaths of the teenagers but did not take responsibility for it.
Just hours after the youths were buried, Mohammed Abu Khdeir, a 16-year-old Palestinian-American from east Jerusalem, was abducted near his home, and his charred remains were found shortly afterward in a Jerusalem forest. Preliminary autopsy results found he had been burned to death.
Israel arrested six Jewish suspects Sunday in the slaying, and Israeli leaders appealed for calm amid signs the death was revenge for the recent killings of the three Israeli teens.
His killing set off a wave of violent Palestinian protests in and around Jerusalem that later spread to Arab towns in the north.
Israeli leaders including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu condemned the murder of the Palestinian teen.
Netanyahu promised to prosecute those responsible to the full extent of the law.
"We will not allow extremists, it doesn't matter from which side, to inflame the region and cause bloodshed," Netanyahu said in a nationally televised statement soon after it was announced that the suspects were Israeli. "Murder is murder, incitement is incitement, and we will respond aggressively to both," he said.
Source: AP (ALRAY contributed)